JACOBS, Joseph (1854-1916)


JACOBS, Joseph (1854-1916)
historian and folklorist
was born at Sydney on 29 August 1854, the son of John and Sarah Jacobs. He was educated at Sydney grammar school and at Sydney university, where he won a scholarship for classics, mathematics and chemistry. He did not complete a course at Sydney, but left for England at the age of 18 and entered St John's College, Cambridge. He graduated B.A. in 1876 (senior moralist), and in 1877 studied at the university of Berlin. He was secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature from 1878 to 1884, and in 1882 came into prominence as the writer of a series of articles in The Times on the persecution of the jews in Russia. This led to the formation of the mansion house fund and committee, of which Jacobs was secretary from 1882 to 1900. During these years he gave much time to anthropological studies in connexion with the Jewish race, and became an authority on the question. In 1888 he prepared with Lucien Wolf Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica: A Bibliographical Guide to Anglo-Jewish History, and in 1890 he edited English Fairy Tales, the first of his long series of books of fairy tales published during the next 10 years. He wrote many literary articles for the Athenaeum, a collection of which, George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Browning, Newman, Essays and Reviews from the Athenaeum was published in 1891. In the same year appeared his Studies in Jewish Statistics, in 1892, Tennyson and "In Memoriam", and in 1893 his important book on The Jews of Angevin England. In 1894 were published his Studies in Biblical Archaeology, and An Inquiry into the Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain, in connexion with which he was made a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of History of Madrid. His As Others Saw Him, an historical novel dealing with the life of Christ, was published anonymously in 1895, and in the following year his Jewish Ideals and other Essays came out. In this year he was invited to the United States of America to give a course of lectures on the "Philosophy of Jewish History". The Story of Geographical Discovery was published towards the end of 1898 and ran into several editions. He had been compiling and editing the Jewish Year Book since 1896, and was president of the Jewish Historical Society of England in 1898-9. In 1900 he accepted an invitation to become revising editor of the Jewish Encyclopaedia which was then being prepared at New York.
Jacobs settled permanently in the United States. He wrote many articles for the Jewish Encyclopaedia, and was generally responsible for the style of the whole publication. It was completed in 1906, and he then became registrar and professor of English at the Jewish theological seminary of America at New York. In 1908 he was appointed a member of the board of seven, which made a new English translation of the Bible for the Jewish Publication Society of America. In 1913 he resigned his positions at the seminary to become editor of the American Hebrew. He died on 30 January 1916. He married Georgina Horne and there was a family of two sons and a daughter. In 1920 Book I of his Jewish Contributions to Civilization, which was practically finished at the time of his death, was published at Philadelphia. It is an excellent statement of the case, written clearly and quite objectively, the work of a fine scholar who claimed nothing he could not substantiate. In addition to the books already mentioned Jacobs edited The Fables of Aesop as First Printed by Caxton (1889), Painter's Palace of Pleasure (1890), Baltaser Gracian's Art of Worldly Wisdom (1892), Howell's Letters (1892), Barlaam and Josaphat (1896), The Thousand and One Nights (6 vols, 1896), and others. He was also a contributor to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and Hasting's Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics.
The Times, 4 February 1916; Sydney University Calendar, 1877; The Jewish Encyclopaedia, vol. VII; Who's Who in America, 1914-15 and 1916-17; Dictionary of American Biography, vol. IX; prefatory statement, Jewish Contributions to Civilization.

Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. . 1949.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JACOBS, JOSEPH — (1854–1916), Jewish historian, folklorist, and scholar. He was born in Sydney, Australia, studied in England, and, after graduating in history in Cambridge, went to complete his studies in Berlin where he worked under Steinschneider. On his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacobs, Joseph — (1854 1916)    Born in Australia of Jewish parents, Jacobs wrote chiefly on Jewish history and culture, but between 1889 and 1900 he was actively involved on the Council of the Folklore Society. At his suggestion, the Society renamed its journal… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Jacobs, Joseph — (1854 1916)    British historian, folklorist and scholar. Born in Australia, he settled in England, where he became active as an author and journalist. He was the founder (in 1896) and editor of the Jewish Year Book. His studies of medieval Anglo …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jacobs, Joseph — ▪ English scholar born Aug. 29, 1854, Sydney, N.S.W. [Australia] died Jan. 30, 1916, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.       Australian born English folklore scholar, one of the most popular 19th century adapters of children s fairy tales. He was also a… …   Universalium

  • Joseph Jacobs — For other people named Joseph Jacobs, see Joseph Jacobs (disambiguation). Joseph Jacobs Born August 29, 1854(1854 08 29) Australia Died January 30, 1916(1916 01 30) (aged 61) United States Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Jacobs (Familienname) — Jacobs ist ein Familienname. Er leitet sich vom Vornamen Jakob ab. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacobs — n. family name; Joseph Jacobs (1854 1916), Jewish historian and folklorist, editor of an edition of The Jewish Encyclopedia and a collection of Aesop s fables …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Joseph Jacobs — n. (1854 1916) Jewish historian and folklorist, editor of an edition of The Jewish Encyclopedia and a collection of Aesop s fables …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Joseph Jacobs — (29 août 1854 – 30 janvier 1916) est un historien de la littérature et du judaïsme. Membre du comité éditorial de la Jewish Encyclopaedia, il fut aussi un folkloriste remarquable, qui créa plusieurs collections bien connues de contes de fées.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Jacobs — (* 29. August 1854 in Sydney; † 30. Januar 1916) war ein jüdischer Historiker, der sich vor allem mit Literatur befasste. Er war nicht nur einer der Verfasser der Jewish Encyclopedia, sondern zeigte sich auch für einige bemerkenswerte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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